The thrust of this book, is a proposal that calls for the establishment of an equitable Democratic State, in which all the inhabitants, Jews and Palestinians alike, living on the West of the River Jordan have equal human and civil rights as citizens of this country. In emphasizing the thoughts on how to proceed in establishing such a Democracy are Professor Asad Gh'anem a Palestinian citizen of Israel, and Dan Bavly and an Israeli Jew. In the impetus of the book, they separately describe how from their very different backgrounds, they concluded that the One State Democracy was the preferred structure for both people to live in peace and prosperity and advise how this might be done. In doing so, they share with their readers the highlights of the century old history of the Zionist movement, and those of the Palestinian Nationalism, and how from early in the 20th Century, there were among the leaders those who realized how essential it was that both people adjust to living together in an equitable society. As the two states for two peoples becomes less practical the authors of this book insist that the only doable plan for the future is the 'One State for Two Peoples' formula.